Map of Greece
Population: 10.9 Million
Area in sq mile: 50,600
Greece is located on the Balkan Peninsula, at the very edge of Europe and its borders with Asia. It has a territory of 131,945 mē and the length of its coastal line only is 15,000 km. Geographically, the country consists of three parts - the Continental part, Peloponess, and the hundreds of Greek islands. The population of Greece is 11 million people, most of which live in the capital city of Athens and its suburbs. The coastal areas also concentrate a considerable part of the population. Greece has quite a varied relief. There are many mountains, Olympus (2917 m) amongst them, as well as valleys and small rivers. The coastal line is deeply and picturesquely cut, with lots of bays. Concerning its climate, Greece is famous for its mild winter and its sub-tropical, hot summer, which is sometimes cooled by "Meltemia", the cool wind characteristic for the summer months. Spring is the most suitable season for tourism in Greece. All is in blossom at that time, and temperatures are still pleasant.
Large portions of the arable land in Greece are not usable because of the grazing flocks of sheep and goat. However, thanks to the warm climate, farmers grow olives, grapes, citruses, and wheat. Fishery is also very important as a means of living of the population. A large number of tourists from all corners of the world go visiting Greece because of its numerous sunny days and archaeological finds.
Athens is the capital of Greece. It is situated in a valley surrounded by hills. One third of the population of the country lives in Athens. The Acropolis is the biggest tourist attraction though one can visit many other antique temples. In front of the Houses of Parliament one can see the so-called Efzoni Guard of Honour. The Guards are clothed in the traditional skirts, hats, and shoes with pendants. There are plenty of museums in Athens, amongst which the famous National Archaeological Museum.
The Greek Islands are very diverse. Some of them are rocky, with absolutely no vegetable life; others are all green or of volcanic origin. Crete is the largest of the Greek Islands and is well known for the excavations near Knossos. There are also archipelagoes such as the Cyclades or Dodecanesos. The Island of Rhodes is also called "the flower island", because of its abundant trees and flowers, all in blossom.
The traditional Greek cuisine offers delicious dishes such as lemon soup or vine-leaves filled with rise and feta cheese. Guests are often allowed in the kitchen to point their finger at the dish they choose. The main course is often prepared in advance (grilled meat or fish exclusive). This is why you will rarely be served a hot dish in Greece. Greece is famous for its multitude of archaeological excavations revealing a lot about the history of our civilization. The Greek alphabet is different from the Latin, which we use in Western Europe. Ancient Greece is the home of the Olympics, which for the first time took place in Olympia more than a thousand years ago. The first modern Olympics were organized in 1896. Greek folklore dances accompany all important events. Some of the dances are quick and cheerful while others are slow and moody. There are dances designed for women or for men only. The most famous dance is the Sailor's dance, which starts very slowly and calmly but is ended in a very speedy tempo.Travel links Greece
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